South Australia was first colonised in 1836 by the South Australian Company. European settlers first landed on Kangaroo Island, before sailing on to Glenelg. The Colony was proclaimed by Governor John Hindmarsh under the Old Gum Tree on December 28th 1936.
Colonists then took up land along the River Torrens and in the town of Adelaide laid out by Colonel William Light.
The Kaurna people were the original inhabitants of this area.
During the late 1800s, farmers and other pioneer families moved further into the country. German settlers arrived in that time and settled in the Adelaide Hills and the Barossa Valley beginning the wine industry that has become such great tourist attraction with rolling vineyards, and cellar door tastings and great restaurants.
In these same years Cornish mining families settled in the Copper Triangle - Moonta Wallaroo and Kadina on the northern Yorke Peninsula and in Burra (including Redruth Prison � used as a backdrop the film Breaker Morant). Sheep and wheat farming flourished in South Australia.
More migrant families from Europe later established market gardens, orchards, fishing fleets and with the locals and soldier settlers spread along the River Murray, Eyre Peninsula, and south as far as Mount Gambier.
South East Asia provided another wave of immigrants to add to South Australia�s multicultural population late last century, as did Africa and the Middle East more recently.
Today South Australia is a defence hub, home of some of the largest open mines in Australia, well known for its grains, wines and citrus fruits.
SA is a real tourist destination with such tourist regions as Flinders Ranges, Kangaroo Island, the Limestone Coast, the Riverland, the Mid North, Yorke and Eyre Peninsulas to be explored.
And Adelaide itself needs to be explored especially in February and March when Festivals abound. - after all South Australia is also known as the Festival State - the Clipsal Race, the Magic Millions, WOMAD, and not forgetting the Pandas in the Adelaide Zoo are there all year.
And what of the numerous sandy beaches, the beautiful Adelaide Hills, and the pleasant Mediterranean climate?
Adelaide has a wide range of restaurants with food from many cultures to be enjoyed. The Entertainment Centre, Adelaide Oval, the North Terrace Boulevard of older buildings, the State Library, SA Museum, Art Gallery of SAand the University of Adelaide, then nearby Rundle Mall shopping precinct.